Ayeri Place Name Elements

Names of villages, towns and cities in Ayeri-speaking areas typically contain these elements:

AyeriEnglishExample
aren(g) ayroncastle, townPetakrengMilton
ayron … ayroncastle, townAyron AvirangGoldcastle
banta bantariver mouthPekambanta‘Pekammouth’
bay(o) bayospringRengbayRengspring’
butān butānfeud, fiefRayembutānUpperfeud
dang tadangislandDanodangGreen Island
gan(g) karonsea, oceanBasagang‘Basasea’
gron karonsea, oceanMakagronWhitesea
(hi)nyan hinyancornerViniminyanForest Corner
(i)bang ibangfieldYelambangStonefield
(lu)kay lukayfordHirapankayNew Broadford
k(od)an kodanlakeTasankanDeeplake
kametan kametida-confluenceTapukametan
m(i/ay)kon(g) maykongharborBeramikong‘Beram’s Harbor’
maling malingshoreIjamalingSilvershore
ming minkayvillage, settlementTuvomingBluetown
minkay minkayvillage, settlementBilaminkay‘Bilaming’
mitan(g) mitanresidenceLanyamidangKing’s Residence
(na)trang natrangtemplePasubanatrang‘Pasubanchurch’
(ne)kan nekanbridgeNekandalamCowbridge
nong nongonriverMihunong‘Narrowriver’
p(el)ang pelangcastleTanapelang‘Tanakcastle’
petang petangmillMakapetangWhitemill
p(r)am(i) pramimeadowPrihimpamiFlatmeadow
ren, renmarketRenhiroNewmarket
rang ranghomesteadTuvrangRedding
rim rivanmountainKutungrimCloudy Mountain
rivan rivanmountainLenorivanBlue Mountain
s(ir)ay siraybayRunusaySmokebay
t(u)ray turayhillVinitray-ya-KaronForesthill-at-Sea
umang umangbeachTupasumangLongbeach
vim vinimforestTernuvimHoly Forest
visam visamhere: capitalKāryovisamBig Capital
yang yonangcreek, streamNasanyangMercy Creek
(yo)nang yonangcreek, streamParayonangQuick Creek

Then of course, there are as well modifiers such as tado ‘old’, hiro ‘new’, rayeng ‘upper’ , eyreng ‘lower’, kāryo ‘great’, kivo ‘little’, ling ‘upon’, nasay ‘near’, ya ‘at, in’. These may be fused with the place names in some way, although adjectives are usually put behind the head word. Of course, places can also have names that do not contain one of the parts listed above, like just, say, Pelang ‘Castle’. Names of towns do not need to wear their etymology on their sleeves all the time because the names may often be eroded due to having been used for centuries, sometimes even by different people with different languages.